Captain Stephen McGregor (1908–1944)

Stephen McGregor (Courtesy of Michael McGregor)
Born in Delaware, later lived in Texas and IndianaCareer soldier
BranchService Number
U.S. ArmyEnlisted 6219243 / Officer O-335798
European461st Amphibian Truck Company, 6th Engineer Special Brigade
Purple HeartNormandy

Early Life & Family

Charles Albert Wilson was born on July 23, 1908 at 2404 Lamotte Street in Wilmington, Delaware.  A family photo suggests that he may have gone by his middle name.  He was the son of Joseph Howell Wilson, Sr. (a Pennsylvania Railroad machinist, 1871–1925) and Mary Rebecca Wilson (Rebecca M. Wilson in some sources, 1881–1910).  His mother had immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1896.  Charles had an older sister Marion Louise Wilson (later Ash, 1903–1979) and an older brother Joseph Howell Wilson, Jr. (nicknamed Bud, 1905–1922).  

The Wilson family circa 1909. From left to right: Marion, Mary (Rebecca), Charles (Albert), Joseph Jr. (Bud), Joseph Sr. (Courtesy of Michael McGregor)

The Wilson family was recorded on the census on April 27, 1910 living at 1718 Lancaster Avenue in Wilmington.  Later that year, on September 21, 1910, Charles’s mother died of tuberculosis.  On March 21, 1912, Charles’s father remarried to Annie E. Hickman (née Duffey, c. 1874–1940).  By the time of the next census in January 1920, the family was living at 614 Concord Avenue in Wilmington.

The early 1920s were difficult for Charles.  Charles’s brother Joseph H. Wilson, Jr. died of peritonitis and appendicitis on February 24, 1922, aged 16.  According to Charles’s son, he blamed his stepmother for not seeking medical treatment for Joseph quickly enough.  The following year, his older sister married and moved out of the house.  Joseph H. Wilson, Sr. became ill in early 1924 and had to retire from the Pennsylvania Railroad.  Beginning in September 1924, he was hospitalized at the Delaware State Hospital in Farnhurst, leaving Charles living with his stepmother. 

Charles ran away from home on May 20, 1925, aged 17.  His family speculated that he had joined the circus.  On May 26, 1925, his father died.  The following day, an article in The Evening Journal reported:

The death of Joseph H. Wilson, aged 55 years, 614 Concord avenue, brought to light the fact that Charles A. Wilson, the 17-year-old son, has been missing from the home since last Wednesday when the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey circus played in Wilmington.  News of Mr. Wilson’s death has been radiologued by the boy’s [stepmother] in the hope that the young man may be found before his father is buried.

Over 17 years later, a U.S. Army officer visited the Wilmington Morning News building, ostensibly looking for a lead on a friend he hadn’t seen for half his lifetime.  On November 25, 1942, Wilhelmina Syfrit recounted the story he told in her column, “One to Another.”  According to Syfrit, when Charles ran away:

He became from that moment the hero of one of the adventure books in which he had found refuge from a lonely youth.

He took the name of Stephen McGregor.  He went to the West of which he had read.  He worked days and nights and months as a migrate [sic] harvest worker.  He went to foreign ports until the beckoning finger of adventure pointed to an Army recruiting post.  It offered a chance for Stephen McGregor to make good.  And Stephen McGregor did.

Stephen McGregor in the late 1920s or early 1930s as a trooper in the 7th Cavalry Regiment (Courtesy of Michael McGregor)

New Identity & Military Career

When he reinvented himself, McGregor added four years to his age, giving his date of birth as July 23, 1904.  He claimed that he was born in El Paso, Texas and that his father, Joseph McGregor, was also from Texas.  Perhaps in a nod to his roots, McGregor stated that his mother was born in Delaware rather than Germany.  The exact date he joined the U.S. Army is unclear, but a roster stated that Private McGregor joined Troop “B,” 7th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division at Fort Bliss, Texas on August 30, 1925, about three months after he ran away.  (In a quirk of fate, his son Michael McGregor also served in the 7th Cavalry during the Vietnam War.)

McGregor spent most of the next decade at Fort Bliss.  He was briefly attached to Troop “E” on June 16, 1926 during a change of station to Crow Agency, Montana, but rejoined Troop “B” on July 1.

During the interwar era, soldiers often remained at the same grade for long periods of time and were often reduced back to private when transferring between units.  McGregor was promoted to private 1st class in June 1927 but reduced back to private in September 1927.  McGregor was stationed at the Presido in San Francisco, California from around September 13, 1927 until he rejoined Troop “B” on December 16, 1927.  Troop rosters document that in June 1928, McGregor was promoted two grades to corporal.  Corporal McGregor reenlisted on October 31, 1928.  In April 1929, his troop headed west on a series of moves: Hachita, New Mexico, Camp Harry J. Jones, Arizona, and finally Naco, Arizona before returning to Fort Bliss in mid-May.

An April 23, 1930 census record recorded Corporal McGregor at Fort Bliss.  Later that year, he transferred to Troop “F,” 14th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Des Moines, Iowa, joining that unit as a private on July 31, 1930.  He was promoted to private 1st class the following month and back to corporal in October.  He was transferred back to the 7th Cavalry on January 6, 1931, this time remaining as a corporal when he returned to Troop “B.” 

Corporal McGregor reenlisted again on December 22, 1932.  Soon after, on December 27, he left Fort Bliss on detached service as a student at the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas.  He arrived at Fort Riley on January 2, 1933.  It appears that he rejoined the 7th Cavalry in May 1933.

In the summer of 1934, McGregor was transferred to become an instructor at the Culver Military Academy in Indiana, an assignment that was under the organizational control of the V Corps Area Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (R.O.T.C), headquartered at Fort Hayes in Columbus, Ohio.  McGregor arrived at Culver on August 3, 1934.  As was customary in those days, the transfer came with a reduction to the private.  Rosters indicate that he was briefly a field artillery instructor before switching to cavalry.  He was promoted to sergeant on December 19, 1934.  Existing records are contradictory, but McGregor was commissioned as an officer either on August 19, 1935 or November 1, 1940 (see Notes section for further details).      

Wilhelmina Syfrit wrote in her column:

He became a crack polo player and rider.  He was chosen as one of the cavalry instructors.  There again was his opportunity.  Nights and odd hours were devoted to acquiring the formal education.

A few miles from his post in the middle west he also found the modern version of the blonde sweetheart of Stephen McGregor, and legalized his chosen name, to give it to her.

Likely taken on their wedding day, this photo depicts Stephen and Alice McGregor with Alice’s mother Ursula Buczkowski, Father Casimir Witucki (Alice’s uncle and officiant at the wedding), Cajetan Buzskowski (Alice’s father), and Thecla Whitman (Alice’s sister). (Courtesy of Michael McGregor)

McGregor married Alice A. Buczkowski (1910–1997) in South Bend, Indiana on September 4, 1937.  According to their son, his parents met at a Halloween Party in South Bend.  She complimented him on his costume and he explained that it was his uniform!

Stephen McGregor’s wife Alice and his sons Stephen and Michael in a 1943 photo (Courtesy of Michael McGregor)

The McGregors were recorded on the census on April 26, 1940, living on College Avenue in Culver.  McGregor was listed as having completed two years of college.  According to a July 11, 1944 article in The South Bend Tribune, McGregor “was made a first lieutenant Nov. 1, 1940, and sent to Fort Hayes, Columbus, O[hio].”  The following year, Alice gave birth to a son, Stephen (1941–2005), in Columbus.  In 1943, the couple had a second son, Michael.

The South Bend Tribune article stated that McGregor was transferred from Fort Hayes “to the cavalry replacement center at Fort Riley, Kan., and later to Charleston, S. C.”  By the end of 1941, 1st Lieutenant McGregor was serving as S-1 (personnel officer) in the 3rd Cavalry Brigade of the 2nd Cavalry Division. 

1st Lieutenant McGregor in a 1941 2nd Cavalry Division book, showing him as 3rd Cavalry Brigade S-1 (Historical and Pictorial Review, 2nd Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Cavalry Division of the United States Army, courtesy of Michael McGregor)

The 2nd Cavalry Division had been activated at Fort Riley on April 1, 1941.  With the obsolesce of the horse cavalry in modern warfare, the division was inactivated at Fort Riley on July 15, 1942; the 3rd Cavalry Brigade’s men were incorporated into the new 9th Armored Division, activated that same day.  It is unclear if McGregor was still with the unit at that point.

By November 1942, when he visited Delaware again, McGregor had been promoted to captain.  At the time, Wilhelmina Syfrit described him this way:

The easy grace, the tanned skin of this six-foot three soldier spoke of years in open spaces.  But more than that, there was the quiet assurance of a man who has learned to live within himself, and did so.

Company Commander & Overseas Service

Michael McGregor wrote: “My mother told me several times that McGregor turned down opportunities to stay stateside in training command because as a soldier he felt it was his responsibility to be in the action.”

Captain McGregor was the first commanding officer of the 461st Amphibian Truck Company (referred to in some sources as the 461st Amphibious Truck Company), a Transportation Corps unit activated at the Charleston Port of Embarkation, South Carolina on July 6, 1943.  Equipped with the 2½-ton amphibious vehicle referred to as the D.U.K.W. or “Duck,” the company’s role was, per Table of Organization and Equipment No. 55-37: “To transfer cargo from shipside to shore dumps where pier facilities are not available.” 

D.U.K.W. in the water…
…and on land (Official U.S. Army Signal Corps photographs, National Archives)

According to a history of the 461st published by the U.S. Army Transportation Corps:

The company participated in amphibious training at the amphibious training center, Moultrieville, South Carolina, from July to November 1943. From there it proceeded to the New York Port of Embarkation and on New Years Day 1944, it sailed for England on the Queen Elizabeth. It was assigned to the 6th Engineer Special Brigade where it conducted more amphibious training.  It was assigned to the 280th Quartermaster Battalion for administration but the 149th Engineer Combat Battalion for operations.

In early 1944, while his company was stationed in the town of Torquay in Devon, England, Captain McGregor befriended Captain E.C. Hopkinson, a British soldier who had been decorated with the Military Cross while serving in 1st Battalion of the East Lancashire Regiment during World War I.  Prior to D-Day, Captain Hopkinson presented Captain McGregor with three gifts.  One was a cigarette case engraved with a poem:

Capt. S. McGregor / Thus will I remember / The place where fate threw me, / The little English home / Which looked out on the sea, / The brightly colored garden, / The cup of mellowed wine, / And the Brother Soldier / Who became a friend of mine.

Capt.  E.C. Hopkinson, M.C.

Inscription on the cigarette case that Captain Hopkinson gave Captain McGregor (Courtesy of Michael McGregor, Jr.)

Hopkinson also gave McGregor two books: Spectamur Agendo, which Hopkinson had written about his World War I unit, and another that he had cowritten, Sword, Lance and Bayonet.  In the latter, Hopkinson enclosed a note:

To you, who, as we did in our youth, are to go across the water into battle may this bring all good fortune.  On that day we, the older generation, hand over to you to finish off what is beyond us.

In our youth in battle we gave all we had to give.  Then war-won we made mistakes.  But credit us that in age we once again held fast [illegible] darkest adversity.  […]

I only wish I could see you go, as recorded in this book; sabres flashing in the sun, [pennants] fluttering in the breeze.

A 461st Amphibian Truck Company morning report stated that the unit “Debarked 1900, 4 May 44, Slapton Sands, Maneuver Area to perform a problem.”  Presumably, that was during Exercise Fabius I, a rehearsal for the Omaha Beach landing.

A diagram of planned units for Omaha Beach showed the elements of the 461st scheduled to land at Dog Red beginning around three hours into the invasion and Easy Green about four hours into the invasion. 

An August 8, 1944 letter by Captain Hopkinson to Alice McGregor suggested that Captain McGregor welcomed his unit’s role in the invasion: “He had for some time back been fretting that he had only command of a ‘duck’ company as a regular officer but that had all changed when his company was ordered to lead his American army ashore.”

The 461st moved to Camp “D” in Dorchester, England on May 15, 1944 and boarded L.S.T.s (Landing Ship, Tank) at Portland Harbour, England on June 1.  All five company officers and 153 enlisted men shipped out from Portland at 1500 hours on June 5, 1944. 

Captain Hopkinson wrote Alice McGregor a letter the following day:

As I lay awake this morning listening to the bombardment for, [illegible] the battle is about 90 miles from here, my doors & windows shook all night long, I remembered your husband said he would be grateful if I sent you a letter.  I thought of him and his men for I imagine they were in the early waves of the landing.

I have not seen him for some little time but one thing I shall always remember; when he was leaving here he at the last moment found time to come and say good bye to me.  I knew how busy he was & it was such a nice thing of him to do.  I can only tell you he was fit and well and looked a splendid soldier, going off as he should, “grim and gay”, for he knew what he had to face.  […] I had seen a lot of him as he had often invited me up to his Mess and been to my home many an evening and I think I had made for him and [McGregor’s executive officer, 1st Lieutenant N.R.] Watkin a home from home.

D-Day in Normandy

The 461st Amphibian Truck Company first went into action on D-Day in Normandy, June 6, 1944.  The company morning report for that day stated:

5 Off[icers] & 151 EM [Enlisted Men] disembarked LST’s fr 0800 to 1200, 6 Jun 1944 under enemy shell & sniper fire. 1 off SWA [seriously wounded in action] by enemy shell. 17 Dukws out of 44 were missing.  A large No. of prisoners were taken by other units, weather fr fair to cool & cloudy, morale high, movement of freight & personnel begins from ship to shore.  Company worked on beach policing [cleanup] and moving obstacles.

June 6, 1944 461st Amphibian Truck Company morning report (National Personnel Records Center, courtesy of Michael McGregor, Jr.)

Sometime on June 6, Captain McGregor was killed in action or mortally wounded by enemy artillery.  Various accounts have him being hit either on the beach or just offshore.  It is also unclear how he survived after being hit.  The morning report stated that Captain McGregor was “seriously wounded in action, evacuated and trfd [transferred]” to England. 

Nathaniel R. Watkin, Jr. (Courtesy of Nathaniel R. Watkin III)

Captain McGregor’s executive officer, 1st Lieutenant (later Captain) Nathaniel Ring Watkin, Jr. (1913–1974) told his son years later that he and McGregor were swimming offshore from the beach when McGregor was hit by artillery and killed instantly. 

It’s unclear why they would have exited their D.U.K.W.s.  One possibility is that they were blocked by beach obstacles.  After he was told of Watkin’s account, Captain McGregor’s son also pointed out that “swimming” may have referred to the D.U.K.W.s operating in the water, rather than McGregor and Watkin themselves.  Watkin assumed command of the company after McGregor was hit.

The August 8, 1944 letter by Captain Hopkinson to Captain McGregor’s widow stated:

I am indeed sorry to hear your husband was killed in the Landing.  I had heard from Watkin [that] he had been hit but none of them knew if he had been badly wounded or killed.  I am afraid I can give you little news.  It is poor consolation I well know to you but he died as he would have wished at the head of his men and not out of sheer bravado but because he considered it the best place to ensure success for his company.  His company I have heard did very well & it was he who made his company by his example and previous training; he was respected by them all.

In the late 1990s, Michael McGregor contacted two enlisted men from his father’s unit. In a November 14, 1998 letter, one man, Dale Shultz, wrote to Michael sentiments that echoed what Captain Hopkinson had recorded over half a century earlier:

Your dad was a brave man. I admired him very much. He taught some of us how to stay alive way before D Day. Thru his training he was tough and that brought some of us out of WWII. I was fairly close to him when they were shelling us plus small arms fire.

The other, Paul Zeigler, told him in a phone conversation (paraphrased from Michael McGregor’s notes):

On the beach he was standing, directing troops to get up—as everyone was on their bellies—and move forward.  I moved and then looked back and saw a shell hit and killed him instantly.

It remains unclear if Captain McGregor died just offshore, on the beach, while being transferred back to the fleet offshore, or at a medical treatment facility (hospital ship or hospital back in England).  Alice McGregor received one notification that her husband was wounded, followed by another that he had been killed.  However, his status was recorded on the official casualty list as killed in action rather than died of wounds.  If accurate, that meant he died immediately after he was hit (as two eyewitnesses attested) and before reaching medical care.

A D.U.K.W. and halftracks ashore at Omaha Beach on D-Day (Official U.S. Army Signal Corps photo, National Archives)
Letter from the Adjutant General’s Office to Alice McGregor confirming her husband’s death (Courtesy of Michael McGregor)

Captain McGregor was buried at the U.S. Military Cemetery, Brookwood in England (Plot T, Row 1, Grave 24).  He was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart.  After the war, Captain McGregor’s wife requested that his body remain overseas.  He was reinterred at what is now referred to at the Cambridge American Cemetery (Plot C, Row 4, Grave 63).

Captain McGregor’s grandson and great-grandson visiting his grave in 2018 (Courtesy of Michael McGregor, Jr.)


Mother’s Maiden Name

Mary R. Wilson’s maiden name is recorded as Johanns, Johuson, and Johannes in various sources.

Enlistment Date, Location, and Years of Service

The exact date that McGregor joined the U.S. Army is unknown.  Unfortunately, his personnel file was one of many destroyed in the 1973 National Personnel Records Center Fire.  Both the July 11, 1944 article in The South Bend Tribune and his sister’s statement indicate that McGregor spent 20 years as a career soldier prior to his death, though the actual number is closer to 19.  His story to Wilhelmina Syfrit implied that after he ran away in May 1925, McGregor spent months if not years wandering prior to joining the U.S. Army.  However, only about three months elapsed between when McGregor ran away and when he joined the 7th Cavalry on August 30, 1925.  It is unclear what period of training, if any, he had prior to that first assignment.

His enlistment location is also unclear.  A reasonable supposition would be El Paso, located near his first assignment at Fort Bliss.  Indeed, he claimed El Paso as his birthplace, which would make sense in the context of him reinventing himself out west.  Captain McGregor’s name appeared on a Marshall County, Indiana casualty list, implying that he entered the service there or that it was his home of record.  His son stated that he was commissioned while living in Culver, which is located in Marshall County.

Commissioning and Promotion Dates

There are some discrepancies about when McGregor was commissioned as a U.S. Army officer.  The McGregor family has a pair of commissioning documents: 2nd lieutenant effective August 19, 1935 and a promotion to 1st lieutenant on September 26, 1938.  Curiously, monthly rosters for personnel assigned to the R.O.T.C. program in the V Corps area from December 1934 through December 1939 (the last available on FamilySearch) show McGregor as a sergeant for the entire period.

A July 11, 1944 article in The South Bend Tribune, McGregor “was made a first lieutenant Nov. 1, 1940,” suggesting he had either been promoted on that date or, less likely, directly commissioned to that grade, skipping 2nd lieutenant altogether.  Interestingly, the same date was listed in a document from his Individual Deceased Personnel File (I.D.P.F.) as the date he began active duty.  In the case of other U.S. Army officers with prior enlisted service, the date listed in I.D.P.F.s is their commissioning date, not the date they first joined the U.S. Army.  (As a matter of formality, a soldier would be honorably discharged as an enlisted man and then commissioned the following day.)

Although it was possible for U.S. Army officers to hold a temporary grade in the Army of the United States and a lower “permanent” grade in the Regular Army, to the best of my knowledge it was impossible to be a commissioned officer in one and a noncommissioned officer in another.

If the 1940 date commissioning date was accurate, McGregor certainly advanced rapidly to 1st lieutenant by 1941 and captain 1942, perhaps attributable to the rapid expansion of the U.S. Army that began in 1940 and accelerated after the attack on Pearl Harbor.  Unfortunately, with the loss of Captain McGregor’s personnel file in the 1973 N.P.R.C. fire, it may be impossible to reconcile the discrepancy.

Click below to view any document.

Roster of December 1939 V Corps area R.O.T.C. personnel (National Personnel Records Center via FamilySearch)

2nd Cavalry Division

McGregor’s cavalry boots (Courtesy of Michael McGregor, Jr.)

The American armed forces were segregated during World War II.  Though it only existed briefly, the 2nd Cavalry Division was a rare example of a unit that was integrated at the brigade level.  McGregor was an officer in the white 3rd Cavalry Brigade, while the 4th Cavalry Brigade was composed of black troops.  However, only white soldiers were incorporated into the new 9th Armored Division in the summer of 1942.  The following year, the 4th Cavalry Brigade was incorporated into a new 2nd Cavalry Division (Colored) which was inactivated in North Africa in 1944 without seeing combat.

Spelling of Last Name

1944 articles in the Wilmington newspapers and his sister Marion L. Ash’s statement erroneously spelled Captain McGregor’s last name as MacGregor.  As a result, subsequent newspaper articles, the Delaware memorial volume, and the list of names in Veteran’s Memorial Park in New Castle all use that spelling.


An August 10, 1944 Journal-Every Evening article stated that “His last letter to Mrs. Ash, in March, mentioned that he was in charge of 30 tanks to be used in the invasion.”  Most likely this error was due to confusion over the fact that Captain McGregor’s unit was equipped with amphibious trucks, but not tanks.  The error was repeated in a story on Delaware’s D-Day fallen published for the 50th anniversary of the invasion.  The July 11, 1944 article in The South Bend Tribune also described his unit erroneously, albeit as “an amphibious tractor company.”

Enlisted Men Participating in D-Day

According to company morning reports, 153 enlisted men from the 461st Amphibian Truck Company participated in the D-Day invasion.  For reasons that are unclear, about ¼ of the company (45 of 198 enlisted men remained behind in England, with most of them rejoining the unit on June 13, 1944.

Captain Hopkinson’s Letter

The phrase “grim and gay” apparently referred to a quote from Winston Churchill describing the mentality of the ideal soldier.  “Home from home” means “home away from home” in American English.

Morning Report Details of Transfer on June 6, 1944

The morning report stated that Captain McGregor was “seriously wounded in action, evacuated and trfd [transferred] to Central Records Br[anch] Casualty Division, AGO [Adjutant General’s Office], Hq, ETOUSA [European Theater of Operations, United States Army], APO 871.”  In most cases, morning reports listed the hospitals that wounded personnel were transferred to.  Although Headquarters E.T.O.U.S.A. (and Army Post Office 871) were located in Cheltenham, England, it seems unlikely that a seriously wounded soldier would have been transported there rather than to a closer hospital at a port along the southern coast of England.  Indeed, it seems most likely that this entry was for administrative reasons since the company clerk would likely have no way of knowing which hospital he ended up at. 

Omaha Beach in the aftermath of D-Day. Multiple D.U.K.W.s are visible; ones with markings from 460th and 453rd Amphibian Truck Companies are visible. (Official U.S. Army Signal Corps photo, National Archives)


Special thanks to Michael McGregor, Michael McGregor, Jr., and Nathaniel R. Watkin III for supplying valuable information, documents and photos.


“461st Transportation Company (Amphibian).”  U.S. Army Transportation Corps website.

“Army Captain Killed D-Day; Three Hurt.”  The South Bend Tribune, July 11, 1944.  Section 2, Pg. 1.

Ash, Marion L.  Stephen MacGregor Individual Military Service Record, circa 1947.  Record Group 1325-003-053, Record of Delawareans Who Died in World War II.  Delaware Public Archives, Dover, Delaware.

“Death Notices.” Journal-Every Evening, April 17, 1940.  Pg. 24.

Delaware Birth Records.  Bureau of Vital Statistics, Hall of Records, Dover, Delaware.

Delaware Death Records.  Bureau of Vital Statistics, Hall of Records, Dover, Delaware.,,

Delaware Marriage Records.  Bureau of Vital Statistics, Hall of Records, Dover, Delaware.,,

Headstone Inscription and Interment Records for U.S. Military Cemeteries on Foreign Soil, 1942–1949.  Record Group 117, Records of the American Battle Monuments Commission, 1918–ca. 1995.  National Archives at Washington, D.C.

Historical and Pictorial Review, 2nd Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Cavalry Division of the United States Army.  The Army and Navy Publishing Company, 1941.  Courtesy of Michael McGregor.

McGregor, Michael.  Phone interview on April 30, 2021 and email correspondence from May 1–23, 2021.

Milford, Phil.  “12 from Delaware lost their lives in invasion.”  The News Journal, June 5, 1994.  Pg. A5.

Morning Reports for 461st Amphibian Truck Company.  May and June 1944.  National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, Missouri.  Courtesy of Michael McGregor, Jr.

“Radio Calls Youth Home, Father Dead.”  The Evening Journal, May 27, 1925.  Pg. 1.

Stanton, Shelby L. World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference to U.S. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division 1939–1946.  Revised ed.  Stackpole Books, 2006.

“State Casualty List Includes Three Killed.”  Journal-Every Evening, August 10, 1944.  Pg. 1 and 27.

Syfrit, Wilhelmina.  “One to Another.”  Wilmington Morning News, November 25, 1942.  Pg. 12.

“Table of Organization and Equipment No. 55-37: Transportation Corps Amphibian Truck Company.”  May 22, 1944.  War Department, Washington D.C.  Military Research Service website.

United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910.  National Archives at Washington, D.C.,

United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920.  National Archives at Washington, D.C.     

United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930.  National Archives at Washington, D.C.   

United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940.  National Archives at Washington, D.C.

U.S. Army Enlisted and Officer Rosters, July 1, 1918 – December 31, 1939.  Record Group 64, Records of the National Archives and Records Administration.  National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

Watkin, Nathaniel R. III.  Phone interview on May 23, 2021.

Last updated on July 15, 2021

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