|Home State||Civilian Occupation|
|Delaware||Gardener for Alfred I. du Pont|
|Mediterranean, European||Medical Detachment, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division|
|Bronze Star Medal, Purple Heart||Tunisia (possibly), Sicily, Normandy|
Early Life & Family
Pellegrino Verderame was born at 613 (North) Tatnall Street in Wilmington, Delaware, on December 20, 1914. He was the sixth of nine children born to Carmine (Carmen or Carmino in some sources, 1874 or 1875–1934) and Rose Marie (Rosa Maria or Rose in some sources, née Di Guglielmo, 1888–1965) Verderame. His parents had immigrated from Italy and married in Delaware in 1903. Carmine was working as a salesman when his son was born. Pellegrino had four older sisters and an older brother, as well as a younger sister and two younger brothers. An older sister and an older brother had died as children before Pellegrino’s birth.
On December 17, 1919, Carmine and Rose purchased a home at 404 East Sixth Street in Wilmington and Pellegrino spent most of his childhood living there. The family was recorded on the census on April 2, 1930, with Carmine now working as a laborer in a stone quarry. Census records indicate that Pellegrino dropped out of school after completing 7th grade.
By 1934, Pellegrino had changed his name to William Verderamo. His father died that same year. Sometime in the four years that followed, the Verderamo family moved to 207 West 19th Street in Wilmington. William Verderamo was working as a laborer by 1938. At the time of the census on April 18, 1940, Verderamo was a gardener working on a private estate (probably Alfred I. du Pont’s Nemours).
When he registered for the draft on October 16, 1940, Verderamo was described as standing five feet, four and half inches tall. He weighed about 140 lbs., with black hair and brown eyes. His employer was listed as Alfred I. du Pont on Blue Ball Road in Wilmington. (Though Blue Ball Road is not an extant street name, A.I. du Pont built a well-known local landmark, Blue Ball Barn, on the grounds of his Nemours estate. The barn, named after the long-gone Blue Ball Tavern, is now part of Alapocas State Park, located north of downtown Wilmington.)
Verderamo became engaged to Mary Margaret Bryner (1919–2008) around February 1940. They married at St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Church in Wilmington on February 16, 1942. His wife was working in a munitions factory at the time. The couple honeymooned in New York and Verderamo moved into his wife’s family home at 524 East 4th Street in Wilmington.
Not long after his wedding, Verderamo was drafted. He went on active duty with the U.S. Army at Fort Dix, New Jersey, on April 16, 1942. According to the Individual Military Service Record his wife submitted to the State of Delaware Public Archives Commission, Private Verderamo was stationed at Fort McClellan, Alabama, then Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, and finally Camp Pickett, Virginia prior to going overseas. Camp Pickett was a Medical Replacement Training Center. She wrote that “He went overseas I believe in December, 1942 as I received a Christmas card from aboard a ship[.]”
His movements for the next eight months are unclear, though he may have participated in combat in North Africa (most likely the Tunisia campaign). Near the end of the Sicily campaign, Private Verderamo was attached for rations, quarters, and duty to the Medical Detachment, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division on August 6, 1943. He officially transferred into the unit on August 11, 1943.
Private Verderamo and his unit moved to the United Kingdom in preparation for the invasion of France. The 16th Infantry Regiment arrived in England on November 5, 1943. In February 1944, the men of the regiment attended amphibious training at the Assault Training Center, Braunton Camp, Devon. In the months leading up to D-Day, the regiment participated in two amphibious exercises on March 11, 1944, and May 4, 1944. The regiment shipped out from Weymouth early on June 5, 1944.
The 16th Infantry Regiment led the 1st Infantry Division in the landings at the east end of Omaha Beach, taking devastating casualties in the process. One document in Verderamo’s Individual Deceased Personnel File (I.D.P.F.) stated that Private Verderamo was assigned to Company “A,” 16th Infantry Regiment. If he was a medic attached to that company, he would have been scheduled to land 70 minutes into the invasion. (Some medical personnel were assigned to individual companies while others worked at aid stations.)
In his book, The Dead and Those About to Die: D-Day: The Big Red One at Omaha Beach, John C. McManus wrote:
For every shivering and disoriented soldier, each instant presented a range of possibilities and choices, often centered around whether to move, to do something or to just lie still. […] It is fair to say that any act, especially those that required movement, took courage or resolve or discipline or perhaps just a sense of not caring anymore about what might happen next. In most instances, acts of cowardice and heroism (and there were many more of the latter) took place anonymously, undocumented by any observers or official records. This was especially true for medics, who circulated un-glamorously near the waterline, where the fire was heaviest, trying to save badly wounded men before the advancing tides engulfed them.
Private Verderamo was killed early in the invasion, most likely on Omaha Beach on June 6, 1944. (See Notes section for discussion of documents which place his death the following day.) Private Verderamo was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star Medal, the latter per General Orders No. 41, Headquarters 1st U.S. Infantry Division, dated February 16, 1945. The citation stated that the award was:
For heroic achievement in connection with military operations against the enemy in the vicinity of Colleville-Sur-Mer, Normandy, France, 6 June 1944. Despite heavy artillery, mortar, and machine-gun fire, Private Verderamo remained on open beach and, until mortally wounded, administered first aid and assisted in evacuating casualties. Private Verderamo’s courage and self-sacrificing devotion to duty reflect great credit upon the Army Medical Department.
Colonel Randolph Russell and Major Arthur E. Flood presented the medal to Private Verderamo’s wife at a ceremony at the WDEL radio station Wilmington on June 8, 1945.
The Medical Detachment, 16th Infantry Regiment was awarded the Meritorious Service Unit Plaque for the unit’s collective actions from June 6, 1944, to August 6, 1944, during which the detachment treated an estimated 1,932 patients. Nine members of the detachment including Private Verderamo were killed during that time, with an additional 43 wounded.
Private Verderamo was initially buried on June 9, 1944, at the U.S. Military Cemetery St. Laurent (Plot A, Row 1, Grave 3). After the war, Verderamo’s wife was offered the option of repatriating his body or having it buried at a military cemetery overseas. On April 9, 1947, she chose the latter. On September 17, 1947, his body was disinterred and reburied soon after in a permanent grave at the same cemetery, now known as the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial (Plot J, Row 11, Grave 13).
Verderamo’s widow, Mary, eventually remarried c. 1967 to Joseph V. Barry (1913– 2001).
Recorded Name Variations
Verderamo was listed under the name Bulagre or Pulagre Verderamo on the 1930 census.
Verderamo’s marriage certificate gave his full name as William Joseph Verderamo. However, he served under the name William Verderamo, with no middle name given on his draft card or military records.
Details Pertaining to Verderamo’s Military Career
There are limitations to family supplied information. On the State of Delaware Individual Military Service Record, his widow stated that Verderamo participated in operations in “North Africa, invasion of Sicily, and Italy” as well as Normandy. The 1st Infantry Division did not participate in the invasion of mainland Italy. I suspect that this was a mistake by his widow. The document also stated he was promoted to the grade of corporal. If so, he was reduced back to private prior to joining the Medical Detachment of the 16th Infantry Regiment in August 1943, as the unit’s morning reports do record any promotions or demotions for him.
Available records do not reveal Private Verderamo’s Military Occupational Specialty (M.O.S.). For instance, he may have been a medical or surgical technician, medical aidman, or litter bearer. Verderamo’s Bronze Star Medal citation stated that he landed near Colleville-sur-Mer, which was inland from the sector designated Fox Green, though Company “A” landed at the neighboring sector, Easy Red.
Oddly, a list of Medical Detachment, 16th Infantry Regiment casualties included in the detachment history stated that Private 1st Class William R. Verderamo was killed in action on June 7, 1944. The report of burial also gave his date of death as June 7, 1944, while the Adjutant General’s Office report of death listed his date of death as June 6, 1944. Based on the text of his Bronze Star Citation, June 6 would appear to be accurate, but given the chaos surrounding the invasion, any of the documents involved could have errors.
Special thanks to the Delaware Public Archives for the use of their photo of Private Verderamo.
“Awards for Soldiers Made to Relatives.” Wilmington Morning News, June 9, 1945. Pg. 2. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/74946228/verderamo-bsm/
“Citation for Bronze Star Medal––Posthumous.” General Orders No. 41, Headquarters 1st U.S. Infantry Division, February 16, 1945.
Declarations of Intention for Citizenship, 1817–1990. Record Group 21, Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685–2009. National Archives at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61336/images/47292_302022005448_2037-00064
Delaware Birth Records. Bureau of Vital Statistics, Hall of Records, Dover, Delaware. https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/40740565/person/28084556761/media/89ce682d-ff4c-4fba-a702-da762f6cc81f
Delaware Land Records, 1677–1947. Record Group 2555-000-011, Recorder of Deeds, New Castle County. Delaware Public Archives, Dover, Delaware. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61025/images/31303_256946-00018, https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61025/images/31303_256946-00019
Delaware Marriages. Bureau of Vital Statistics, Hall of Records, Dover, Delaware. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/1673/images/31297_212370-00228, https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61368/images/TH-266-12312-34906-96
“Engagements.” Wilmington Morning News, February 29, 1942. Pg. 8. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/72385464/william-verderamo-engagement/
“General Orders No. 41, Headquarters 1st U.S. Infantry Division.” February 16, 1945. First Division Museum website. https://firstdivisionmuseum.nmtvault.com/jsp/PsImageViewer.jsp?doc_id=5d51b39f-52d3-4177-b65e-30b812011812%2Fiwfd0000%2F20151125%2F00000011&pg_seq=739
Goldberg, Herbert. “History Medical Detachment 16th Infantry 1st US Infantry Division United States Army November 1940 to May 1945.” Dated July 14, 1945. First Division Museum website. https://firstdivisionmuseum.nmtvault.com/jsp/PsImageViewer.jsp?doc_id=5d51b39f-52d3-4177-b65e-30b812011812%2Fiwfd0000%2F20141124%2F00000420
Headstone Inscription and Interment Records for U.S. Military Cemeteries on Foreign Soil, 1942–1949. Record Group 117, Records of the American Battle Monuments Commission, 1918–c. 1995. National Archives at Washington, D.C. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/9170/images/42861_646933_0809-01045
Individual Deceased Personnel File for William Verderamo. National Archives.
“Joseph V. Barry.” The News Journal, May 14, 2001. Pg. B4. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/72388251/joseph-v-barry/
“Mary V. Barry.” The News Journal, December 10, 2008. Pg. B4. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/72386656/william-verderamo-widow-obituary/
“Miss Mary Bryner Mr. William Verderamo.” Wilmington Morning News, February 19, 1942. Pg. 8. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/72385258/william-verderamo-wedding/
Polk’s Wilmington (New Castle County, Del.) City Directory 1938. R. L. Polk & Company Publishers, 1938. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2469/images/16150194
United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. National Archives at Washington, D.C. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6224/images/4531892_00682
United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. National Archives at Washington, D.C. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2442/images/m-t0627-00551-00611
Verderamo, Mary. William Verderamo Individual Military Service Record and related correspondence, c. 1946. Record Group 1325-003-053, Record of Delawareans Who Died in World War II. Delaware Public Archives, Dover, Delaware. https://cdm16397.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p15323coll6/id/17627/rec/1
World War II Army Enlistment Records. Record Group 64, Records of the National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives at College Park, Maryland. https://www.fold3.com/record/86128732/william-verderamo-wwii-army-enlistment-records
WWII Draft Registration Cards for Delaware, 10/16/1940–3/31/1947. Record Group 147, Records of the Selective Service System. National Archives at St. Louis, Missouri. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2238/images/44003_05_00009-01561
Last updated on June 6, 2022
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